The history of Edubiase cannot be written without recourse to Abedwum (a village one mile west of Akrokerri) the ancestral home of the Oyoko Clan. Abedwum was founded in the fifteenth century under a large size Kusia Tree near a marble-like flat rock about eighteen inches wide know as “Abohyenbuo” a rocky white stone.
This makes Abedwumhene the head of the Oyoko Clan who lives at Kusia ase (under the Kusia Tree) near the Abohyenbuoho. The Oyoko Clan had seven females. Issues whose progeny grew into so many groups, noble and Chieftain who multiplied abundantly and moved for habitations elsewhere because of dispute, overpopulation, adventure in search for large areas as well as through marriage and warfare.
Juaben left and first settled at Aduampong near Senfi and again left for Asantemanso from where Nana Ampoben Afera moved with part of his people to Kokofu Adweso. After several sojourns, they finally found Juaben. Nsuta left to settle (somewhere now known as Obuasi) which was then non-existent and afterwards moved to a place near Asanso from there to Ayeduase and the present Nsuta.
Mamponten, Adwumakase, Juaso, Juaben, Obogu, Asaman (now new Adubiase) Assin Kwame Atta (now Assin Asamankese), Tarkwa Akyiase, Akyim Batabi, Aduasa Akim and others too numerous to mention, left to settle elsewhere.
After the migration from Asantemanso to Juaben, Pempamago and her two sons Tutu Akato left Juaben with their followers and settled at several places including Asumegya before Otumfour Santehene gave them land in the palm forest (Mmekwaim) now corrupted to Bekwai.
The ancestors of Ebirimoro of Sefwi left Abedwum to their present place for Adventure after he had been conquered by the Santehene. Others were Kwahu Please, Akuapim Manfe, Wassa Kwabeng and Wassa Heman.
Oduro Panin, a nephew of Abedwumhene in the 17th century forcibly took from Abedwum the “Abohyendwa” the white stool of the Oyoko clan which signifies the political authority of Abedwum and settled at Old Edubiase on land he acquired from Dompoasehene, Nana Tabiri Agyei.
The landforms part of the historical Adansimanso, the capital of the ancient Adansi city-state of Ewurade Basa. Yearly, Edubiasehene performs rituals at Adansimanso. With the removal of the Abohyendwa from Abedwum in the 17th century, Abedwum stool became subservient to Oduro ne Guahyia stool of Edubiase but remains the Head of the Oyoko clan (Abusua tire). On the demise of Nana Oduro Panin l, he was succeeded by his wise diplomatic and affluent nephew Assiama Guahyia l from Abadwum whose wealth, benevolence and good administration became distinctive.
When gold ornaments were rare and few chiefs were entitled to wear them in those days, he wores a string of gold nuggets around his waist or silk loin (Danta) which won him the appellation of “Oguahyia”(He who can wear gold around his waist). Hence the Edubiase stool was named after these two illustrious founders as “Oduro ne Guahyia stool”
(THE HISTORY OF AMENYINASE NKABOM )
During the reign of Nana Ofori Pan of the Asenie family of Hiawuo in Dompoase and son of Nana Appianin Kwaframoa of Bretuo Family of Ayaase inherited the Afenakwa sword symbol of power and Authority in Adanse. Thus, he who possessed the Afenakwa sword becomes the leader in Adanse at that time.
Akora Foripan lived to a ripe old age. He also married Fomena and had a son called Bonsra Afriyie. Afriyie kept the sword without marrying from any royal family outside Fomena. During the time Nana Osei Tutu was going to wage war against Ntim Gyakari then Denkyirahene he sought the help of Akora Ofori Pan but after consulting his chiefs they concluded that if they helped the Asantes and they won, they would become subject to Asantehene. On the other hand, if they help the Denkyira and they also won they would be brought under Denkyira stool. Thus, the Adansi fled with all their stools to Akim Akokoase near Akim Oda.
Nana Osei Tutu became victorious and the Akim started taunting the Adansi and even calling them cowards. This made Akora Ofori Pan very sad and so he gave the sword to his son Abu Bonsra Afriyie to lead the Adansi back home. This challenge was met by Abu Bonsra Afriyie. When they got to the Pra River, the old chief Akora Ofori Pan died. The exact spot was where Bonsra washed and cleaned his father, is what is presently called “Bonsra Adwareye”.
He brought his father corpse to a place called “AMENYINASE” because there was no Fomena then. It was later that he founded Fomena. The meaning of the town is “Faman Yi” (literally meaning take the whole land) so there is the Adansi proverb “Adansi Nkotowa ye da yen abon” (literally meaning Adansi like crabs each stays in its hole). This was because in the early day’s none of Adanse chief was subjected to the other. It was during Ewurade Basa time that all the other chiefs voluntarily became united under one chief. The unity was voluntary because no chief who opted out was forced to join.
It was at AMENYINASE that all the autonomous chiefs, in the Adanse state desirous for unity swore Oath that due to the brave and fearless way in which Abu Bonsra had to lead them back home coupled with his possession of the Afenakwa the sword which symbolised the power of the state, he thus became the leader of the Adanse. At that time the people of Fomena were staying at a place called “MENAMU” before they moved to Fomena meaning “Faman Yi” (Take the Whole land).